DHA

What is DHA?

DHA or docosahexaenoic acid, is an omega-3 fatty acid found in the fat of cold water fish. Together with EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid), they are the two most importante omega-3 fatty acids for human beings. They cannot be synthesized by our body and therefore, they need to be obtained through the diet.

Why is it important to supplement the diet with DHA?

According to various institutions, the average intake of DHA in industrialized societies is 50-150 mg / day, while the recommended minimum daily intake is 250-350 mg / day. Therefore, the modern diet (including the Mediterranean) is often deficient in DHA. Some populations like the Inuit or Japanese, who are regular consumers of raw fish, reach daily intakes of 700-1,000 mg DHA.

During pregnancy, infancy, childhood and teen ages, DHA is a highly demanded nutrient, especially by the nervous and visual systems. Despite its relevance to our body, we are unable to manufacture DHA, depending entirely on external sources through food or supplementation.

Various studies have found that certain groups of the population are often deficient in DHA (ie. vegetarian, preterm births or twins, people with learning or concentration problems, elderly or people with poor nutrition). In these cases it is recommended to have an external input through supplementation.